National Museum Delhi was the first largest and planned museum in India. Which had been designed by Gurgaryear Committee. It’s connected to all or any or any the Mother city by four Major roads from all directions. it’s four stories with the basement. Also, the basic form of the Building Is Fan formed with the circular court in between enclosed by a coated gallery. In addition, wings are connected with the court consistent with totally different necessities.
Together with art objects of historical, cultural and inventive significance with the aim to show, protect, preserve, and interpret and to function cultural centre for enjoyment and interaction of the folks in inventive and cultural activity.
Zoning of National Museum Delhi
The zoning is doing vertically as well as horizontally. Administration and different workers connected areas and services like H.V.A.C, electrical and different services are at the basement. exhibitions are placed at a higher level. Horizontally, it is a zone into open, transition, and exhibition areas.
It has loose circulation. Visitors enter in hall kinda gallery left aspect of the token counter, all hall is connected with one another with a center circulation court 6m wide, exhibition area of various floors are connected with stairs and lifts and toilet is provided on the stairs.
About floor plans of National Museum Delhi
Moreover, exhibition halls are interconnecting with a central circulation court 6m wide separate entrance for VIP. And physically handicapped are also present.
Underground fire-tank is providing, Conservation lab is providing on the 2nd floor, common storage, A.C plan room, electrical, provided in the basement.
Firstly, Harapan civilization, Maurya, Gupta, Terracotta, Bronze, Medieval art, Buddhist art, Jewellery, ornamental art, miniature painting, these galleries are placing at ground floor
Secondly, coins, Indian painting, manuscript, Ajanta painting, Thanjavur painting, these galleries are placing on the first floor.
Moreover, textile, western art, wood carving, tribal art, music instrument, these galleries are placing on the second floor.
Lighting at National Museum Delhi
Each display has its own focused light, diffused light. Which are utilizing in false ceilings or hanging by steel sections. No natural light is using inside it. Artificial light is doing with daylight exhibits to keep a minimum. Natural lighting is barely utilizing in the center circulation court. Well played with focused lights with the utilization of concave and convex lenses totally different places. In the jewelry section, the gallery was dark and receding pockets were creating with minimum lighting. The full structure is based around the central rotunda that lights up the whole passageway.
All the Galleries are in a Closed area so Binding Oneself to reach on every display. The main passageway is approx. six mt wide right along the O.T.S. Galleries are largely Rectangular in form. stairs are Provided for Vertical Circulation. Height Varies From 2.4 to 3.5 mt.
Display techniques at National Museum Delhi
Haphazard travel movement, the form of the area is itself useful in the display. Columns returning in between are additionally using for display, linear arrangements on the corridors, some paintings are boxing within the walls. Whereas most of them are hanged on walls, display to display distance is 3.5 m to 4 m, every display has its own focussed light, diffuse light. Lights are utilizing in false ceilings or hanging by steel section, no natural lights are using. Interiors were doing with the assistance of wood, glass and stone. The flooring used is marble and wood. totally different wall colors and rendering are finishing to avoid monotony.
The building is a trabeate structure using high-strength R.C.C & red sandstone. And flat beam with drop beam utilized in building. Floor to floor height is approx 4m. Also, all external facades have finished with yellow paint, red sandstone, and sandstone. All internal walls are plastere& color consistent with the theme. False ceiling exhausted exhibition areas All floor end are terrazzo, wooden, tiles & rubber flooring. Interiors are making with wood, glass, stone, aluminum is additionally utilizing in several sections like bronze and coin gallery. Also, temporary structures are provided around the building.
Observations at National Museum Delhi
Separate entrance for VIP. Stone sculptures are places around the building. So there is three front entry in building however just one in use due to security purpose. A loose movement system is provided within the building. Its shop and institute is a further advantage. Also, seating arrangements are creating for the guests to look at the thing of interest on display. The toilet isn’t properly placing in the building. No additional firefighting stairs in the building. No natural light is utilizing in the exhibition. It has its galleries rotating around an open courtyard, no views are providing. Sculpture in the central gallery isn’t visible properly due to glare from the back.
Also, read The Etihad Museum, Dubai-UAE
Niralee Shah is a student of architecture who is exploring her way out to the world of architecture and Architecture Journalism.
A full-time learner, part-time mandala maker, and writer.